• Users Online: 278
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 189-193

Analysis of price discrepancies and its impact on rational use of medicines


1 Department of Pharmacology, National College for Medical and Technical Studies, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Faculty of Pharmacy, National College for Medical and Technical Studies, Khartoum, Sudan

Correspondence Address:
Hassan M. Ali
Faculty of Pharmacy, National College for Medical and Technical Studies, P.O. Box: 3783 Khartoum 11111, Khartoum
Sudan
Login to access the Email id


DOI: 10.4103/1858-5000.133021

Rights and Permissions

Introduction: The concept of rational use of medicines requires that patients receive quality efficacious medicines appropriate to their needs, in doses that meet their individual requirements, for the adequate period of time and at the lowest cost to them and to the community. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to: 1) Analyze drug price differences between brands included in Sudan Drug Index (2009), 2) compare current drug prices with prices available in the international market (WHO drug price guide 2010), 3) assess the impact of price discrepancy on rational drug use by prescribers, dispensers and patients. Methodology: A descriptive, analytical, one time study was done in Khartoum capital, including 54 drugs selected via a pilot study. Questionnaire was designed to elect the perception, attitude, and behavior of prescribers and dispensers, toward price discrepancy and its impact on rational drug use. Information from patients was taken via a structured interview, using a probability value of 0.07; the sample size was 184 pharmacists, 196 doctors and 196 patients. Result: The discrepancy level was very high in Diclofenac Na 75 mg/3 ml inj with an H/L ratio of 73.7. Drug price comparison with the international guide reveled 92.31% of drug prices included in the study were higher than the guide. The impact of price discrepancy on rational drug use by prescribers, dispensers and patients is confusing, indicating a high degree of irrationality. Conclusion: Price discrepancies haven't been explained neither by the national regulatory authority nor by the local agents. The state of confusion on prescribers, dispensers, and patients would be a source of irrational practice with all its implications on rational use of medicines particularly on the end user having the current scarce financial resources. To ensure availability, accessibility and affordability of medicines establishment of a new drug policy becomes of paramount importance.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed3716    
    Printed89    
    Emailed2    
    PDF Downloaded220    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal